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Upstream sector in Romania

Oil museum

The Oil Museum Ploiesti
8, Dr.Bagdasar Street
Phone.: 519.542; 597.585

credit foto: Andrei Stroe

The museum was inaugurated on 8 October 1961, following the centennial celebration of the Romanian oil industry in 1957. It is housed in a beautiful building that allowed the arrangement of rooms and a courtyard that was transformed into an outdoor exhibition. The museum heritage has grown from 800 pieces in 1961 to over 8,000 in 1994. It is the only museum of its kind in Romania. Its establishment in Ploiesti has come as a recognition of the a city's status for the oil industry in our country.

In 1857 three International premieres took place in Romania:

  • Romania was the first country in the world to be officially registered in international statistics with an oil output of 275 t;
  • The firs refinery in the world was built in Ploiesti by the Mehedinteanu brothers ;
  • Bucharest was the first town in the world to use public lightening with kerosene;

Given the long tradition of oil in our country, in 1957, with the celebration of oil industry’s centenary, the decision of building an oil museum in Ploiesti was met. The Museum was founded through the Decision of the Minister’s Council number 1341 from the 16th of September 1959.

The main activity of the museum consists of illustrating the history of the Romanian oil industry and the science and technique of petroleum. The contribution of this industrial branch to the economic and social progress of the country is also mentioned.

The subject matters of the museum consist of:

  • History of exploitation and petroleum use, laws and rules, social and political events related to this industrial branch;
  • The beginning and the evolution of geological investigations in Romania;
  • Evolution of tools and techniques for oil drilling, production and processing.

Based on these aspects the permanent exhibition was put in place and the musem was inaugurated on October 8th, 1961.

The main exhibition displays its patrimony in a big climatized hall having more than 500 m2. Original documents, facsimiles, geological maps, technological documentation, photos and functional small-size copies of equipment and of various technological processes are some of the most important exhibits.

The second exhibition area consists of an open air equipment park showcasing different equipment used in the oil industry over 80 years ago.

The third showroom is a hall presenting tools, small size equipment and apparatus used in oil drilling, production and processing.

The museum also has a storehouse for original documents, photographs and video-cassettes. The library consists of more than 3000 volumes with technical content and documentation.


If in 1961 the patrimony consisted of 700 exhibits and documents, today the museum consists of more than 10000 items.

Besides the most valuable and unique exhibits of technique, the museum has a collection of original documents and documentations concerning great scientists representing the Romanian oil industry.

Among them are:

  • Ion Popescu-Voitesti, Ludovic Mrazec, Valeriu Patriciu from geology branch;
  • Virgiliu Tacit, Ion Basgan, Andrei Dragulanescu from the oil drilling and production world;
  • Lazar Edeleanu, Nicolae Debie, Gheorghe Radulescu from the petrochemistry branch.


Throughout its existence the museum welcomed over one million visitors: students, foreign delegations, politicians, personalities from oil industry, etc.

The National Oil Museum belongs to the National Network of Romanian Museums affiliated to NEMO (Network of European Museum Organizations). Together with other European oil museums, the National Oil Museum belongs to the European Oil Museum Network.

Today the museum is subordinated to OMV Petrom S.A, the most important oil and gas group from Central and Eastern Europe.

The museum staff invites you to an interesting journey through time.



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